Сочинение на английском языке с переводом. Топик по английскому «Sport in my life» (Спорт в моей жизни) Проект по английскому языку про спорт
Sport in My Life
Sport has always been the essential part of a healthy mankind life. To my mind it helps us to keep our body strong, active and fit. And it also makes our personality disciplined, organized and optimistic. Fortunately sport is getting more popular in our country. Most people go to the gym several times a week, they are keen on jogging, playing football, hockey, volleyball, basketball or tennis. Quite a lot of people go regularly to swimming-pools, ski-centers and skating-rinks.
It’s funny but there are some people who spend most of the time in front of TV watching football channels or figure-skating championships, for example. And they proudly call themselves devoted sportsmen. I think they are just passive amateurs and fans of some sports teams. And it goes without saying that watching sports events and doing sports are not the same things at all.
As for me, I’ve been fond of sports activities since my childhood. To tell the truth I prefer team games because I like feeling support of my partners in such games. Volleyball is my favorite. You have to be fast and give unexpected balls to your competitors on the other side of the net. At school I was the captain of our volleyball team and we took part in our city matches. I enjoyed the atmosphere of competitions and the sweet taste of our victories. Sometimes we lost, of course, but we tried to accept our defeat with dignity. And now when summer comes we often play beach volleyball.
I really can’t imagine my way of life without sport. I like regular training. It keeps my body healthy and young.
Спорт всегда был неотъемлемой частью здорового образа жизни человечества. По моему мнению, он помогает нам поддерживать тело сильным, активным и подтянутым. Он также делает нашу личность дисциплинированной, организованной и оптимистичной. К счастью, спорт становится все более популярным в нашей стране. Большинство людей посещают тренажерный зал несколько раз в неделю, они увлекаются бегом, игрой в футбол, хоккей, волейбол, баскетбол или теннис. Довольно многие регулярно ходят в бассейны, на лыжные базы и на катки.
Это забавно, но существуют люди, которые проводят большую часть своего времени перед телевизором, просматривая футбольные каналы или чемпионаты по фигурному катанию, к примеру. И они с гордостью называют себя увлеченными спортсменами. Мне кажется, они просто являются пассивными любителями и фанатами спортивных команд. И, разумеется, смотреть спортивные события и заниматься спортом – это совсем не одно и то же.
Что касается меня, я увлекаюсь спортом с детства. Честно говоря, я предпочитаю командные игры, так как люблю чувствовать поддержку партнеров в таких играх. Волейбол – моя любимая игра. Нужно быть быстрым и подавать неожиданные мячи своим соперникам по другую сторону сетки. В школе я был капитаном нашей волейбольной команды, и мы участвовали в городских матчах. Мне нравилась атмосфера соревнования и сладкий вкус наших побед. Иногда мы проигрывали, конечно, но старались принимать поражение с достоинством. А сейчас, когда приходит лето, мы часто играем в пляжный волейбол.
Our project on the topic:
- Sport is important in our life
- Sport and games
- Sport in Russia
- Sport in Great Britain
- Sport in the USA
- Sport in Australia
- The Olympic games
- Kinds of Sport:
Presentation on the topic “ SPORT”
We all need exercise. This is true for young people (in their teens) as well as for adults. Even if you don"t plan make sports your main occupation. This is my opinion and I feel like it is true.
As long as I can remember myself I was always keen on tennis. I love this sportwith its old noble traditions, though myself never dreamed of becoming anything more than an amateur.
I watch closely all tennis competitions and championships. There are a lot of them, but my favourite championship is Wimbledon because old tennis traditions remains there as they are. Some of the most well-known Wimbledon champions are: John McEnroe, Boris Becker, Steffi Graf, Monica Seles. My dream is to get a chance to watch at least one of them playing.
And meantime I play tennis with my friends. It is also a great opportunity to socialize with people who have similar interest (as any sport I suppose).
I am going to tell you about the history of football, one the most popular sport games all over the World.
Football is a popular sport played all over the world. It is the national sport of most European and Latin-American countries and of many other nations.
Millions of people in more than 140 countries play football. Football is played in the Olympics. Games similar to football were played in China as early as 400 ВС. Egyptians played a kind of football too. They played games involving the kicking of a ball. In about 200 AD the Romans played a game in which two teams tried to score by advancing a ball across a line on the field. The Romans passed the ball to one another but they never kicked it.
London children in about 1100 played a form of soccer in the streets. During the 1800"s the people of England played a game similar to football. Many rules changed and each person interpreted the rules differently. Now, the sport has grown to a global scale, including men"s and women"s teams and the World Cup and European Championship competitions, which is played every four years. Also there is League of Champions and FIFA Cup competitions which take place every year in Europe.
Football originated with kicking games played by people in ancient times. The modern version came from England. Football was not that popular kind of game until the mid-1900s.
It started as a game involving kicking and handing, but late} this branched off into two separate sports: rugby and football, which is what the Americans call soccer. Around the late nineteenth century, English football began spreading over Europe. The United States was one of the last to implement football as a national sport. The Canadian Soccer Association was established in 1912 while the United States Soccer Federation was set up in 1913.
The first World Cup Championship was in Montevideo, Uruguay. Since then it has been played every four years except during World War II. The North American Soccer League (NASL) was formed in 1968. But it didn"t gain popularity until the 1970"s.
The rules of play for soccer are simple. The referee makes most of the decisions and attempts to encourage fair play. The game starts off with a kick off and the teams are allowed to pass, dribble, juggle, head, kick and shoot the ball to place it down the field, and (hopefully or eventually) into their opponent"s goal.
If the ball is kicked off the field over the length of the field, the other team is given a throw-in, where the ball is thrown over the player"s head, and back onto the field. If the ball is kicked over the goal or across the width of the field, either a corner kick results, realizing by the offensive team, where the ball is placed on the corner of the field and kicked into play or the defensive team is awarded a kick, where the ball is placed on the corner of the goal box, and kicked back into play. If a goal is scored, the ball is taken back to the centre of the field and the team, scored against, kicks off and keeps playing.
Sports and Games
People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one thing in which people of every nationality and class are united.
The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hunting, hockey and in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow-skating, skiing and tobogganing. Some people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping.
Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interest. This game is played in all the countries of the world. The other favourite games in different countries are golf, tennis, cricket, volleyball, basketball and so on. Badminton is also very popular.
All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, athletics, gymnastics and track and field events. A lot of girls and women go in for callisthenics.
Among indoor games the most popular are billiards, table tennis, draughts and some others, but the great international game is chess of course. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by thousands of enthusiasts in different countries.
So we may say that sport is one of the things that makes all people kin.
Ice hockey is one of the most action-paced of sports, demanding skillful skating, expert stick-handling, and masterly puck control.
The game developed in the frozen expanses of North America, and a hundred years ago became the national winter sport of Canada. It also became very popular in the northern states of the United States, and later spread to Europe, Japan, and even to Australia.
The game probably arose from boys playing on the ice. The kids probably fashioned pucks from frozen «horse apples» and adapted tree branches as hockey sticks, and played on cleared stretches of frozen lakes and rivers, and backyard rinks. Soon it was inevitable that teams began to play against each other and leagues were formed. The earliest mention of the team ice hockey game is a newspaper description of the game played at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal in 1875.
Originally the leagues and national competitions in Canada were amateur. In 1917 the first professional league was formed, the National Hockey League (or NHL), with four clubs - Montreal Canadians, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, and Toronto Arenas. Later clubs were formed in American cities, and the NHL spread to the United States. In 1972 a rival professional organisation was formed, the World Hockey Association (or WHA).
In 1893 Lord Stanley, the Governor-General of Canada, presented a silver trophy, the Stanley Cup to the winners and play-offs for the Stanley Cup began, which then became the symbol of professional hockey supremacy.
Canadian-style ice hockey spread rapidly in Europe between the two World Wars. In the northern countries it had to compete against bandy.
Hockey is a team game played on an ice surface, known as a rink. Six players - a goalkeeper, two defence -men, and three forwards - constitute a side.
The game is divided into three periods, each lasting twenty minutes of actual playing time with -10-minute intervals. There are five face-off spots whereby the puck is dropped by the referee between the sticks of two players. After a goal is scored, the puck is brought back to center ice for another face-off.
The playing area (rink) is 188 to 200 feet long, and about 85 feet wide. The playing area is subdivided into three zones - defensive, neutral and attacking - by two blue lines (called off-side lines) teams defensive zone is that zone where the goal cage, which it is defending, is located. The zone at- the opposite end of the rink is known as the teams attacking zone.
The area between is known as the neutral zone and is divided at the centre by a red line. This line plays an important role in the game’s body checking regulations. Players are subject to a variety of penalties leading to their dismissal from the ice for two minutes or more, thus giving the other team a one-man advantage for the duration of the penalty or until a goal is scored.
ICE SKATING, a sport brought to North America from Europe in the 1740s, takes three basic forms. Figure skating, solo or in pairs, includes jumps and spins with varying degrees of difficulty, combined with movement and dance. Speed skating (and short-track speed skating) is racing on ice. Ice hockey is a team sport played on ice. In the mid-nineteenth century, skates were made of steel with straps and clamps to fasten them to shoes. Later in the century, the blade with the permanently attached shoe was developed by the American ballet dancer and vanguard figure skater Jackson Haines, who also introduced the elements of dance and music into the previously rigid form of figure skating.
British soldiers stationed in Canada introduced a game called "shinty," which combined field hockey with ice skates. The game was originally played with a ball, but in the 1860s a puck was introduced. Regulations and associations quickly developed to govern the popular and reckless sport, and in 1892 the Canadian governor general, Frederick Arthur, Lord Stanley of Preston, donated a cup to be given to the top Canadian team after an annual playoff. The Stanley Cup is still the object the National Hockey League (NHL) competes for in its championship games. Professional women"s hockey debuted in the late 1990s.
The first recorded speed-skating race in England was in the Fens during 1814. World championships for speed skating (men only) began in the 1890s. In 1892, the world governing body of both speed and figure skating-The International Skating Union (ISU)-was founded. Six years later, the first ISU-sanctioned event was held. In 1914, pioneer figure skater George H. Browne organized the first International Figure Skating Championships of America under the sponsorship of the ISU of America. In 1921, the United States Figure Skating Association (USFSA) was formed to govern the sport and promote its national growth.
As an Olympic sport, figure skating (considered an indoor sport) debuted in the 1908 Olympic Summer Games in London, with competitions held for men, women, and pairs. It became a winter sport at the first-ever 1924 Winter Games in Chamonix, France. Originally, figure skating was executed in a stiff, formal style. Compulsory movements consisted of curves and turns, in or against the direction of movement, and executed to form several circle forms in a row. Although music, more fluid movements, pirouettes, spins, and ever-increasing athleticism were continually added to the performance roster, compulsory figures remained a part of Olympic competition until 1991. Ice hockey was included in the summer Olympics in 1920 and in the inaugural winter games of 1924, where men"s speed skating was also an event. Women"s speed-skating championships were first held in 1936 and included in the Olympics in 1960. Ice dancing, a figureskating discipline, became an Olympic event in 1976 and short-track speed skating in 1992.
American skaters have won more Olympic medals to date-forty by 2002-than competitors from any other country. The first American Olympic skating gold medal winner was Charles Jewtraw, who won the 500-meter speed-skating event in 1924. That same year, Beatrix Loughran took the silver medal for women"s figure skating. The winning tradition continued through the turn of the twenty-first century, with Tara Lipinski winning the gold in 1998, and Sarah Hughes winning the gold in 2002. During the last decades of the twentieth centuries, many Olympic medallists such as Dorothy Hamill, Peggy Fleming, and Scott Hamilton enjoyed lasting popularity, and figure skating competitions became highly watched events.
SKIING. Petroglyphs and archaeological evidence suggest that skiing emerged at least 5,000 years ago in Finland, Norway, Sweden, and the northern reaches of Russia and China. The first skis were probably ten feet long and had only loose willow or leather toe straps, which made it nearly impossible for the skier to turn or jump while in motion. Early skiers-hunters, midwives, priests, and others who had to travel across deep winter snow-dragged a single long pole to slow themselves down.
The Norwegians developed modern skiing in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. By adding heel straps to skis, they were able to gain more control on descents and make quicker, tighter turns. These first rough bindings allowed skiers to use shorter skis and two poles instead of one. Around 1820, Norwegians began racing each other and staged the first ski-jumping competitions.
When Norwegians emigrated to the United States in the mid-1800s, they brought skiing with them. Many flocked to lumber and mining camps, where their ability to move quickly through the mountains in mid-winter proved to be an invaluable asset. In 1856, a Norwegian farmer named John "Snowshoe" Thompson responded to a plea from the U.S. postal service for someone to carry mail across California"s Sierra Nevada range in mid-winter, a route that lay under as much as twenty feet of snow. Thompson made the ninety-mile trip across 10,000-foot passes in three days. He continued to deliver mail this way until the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869.
Thompson"s legendary treks inspired many miners to take up ski racing as a diversion during long snowbound winters. They experimented with "dope"-early ski wax concocted from cedar oil , tar, beeswax, sperm, and other ingredients-to coax more speed out of their skis. In 1867, the town of La Porte, California, formed the nation"s first ski club . Norwegian immigrants also introduced ski jumping to the United States in the 1880s, and in 1888, Ishpeming, Michigan, hosted the first formal skijumping tournament held in America. In 1904, jumpers and cross-country skiers founded the National Ski Association, which now encompasses all aspects of the sport.
The "Nordic" events of ski jumping and cross- country skiing dominated U.S. slopes until the 1920s. In that decade, "Alpine" or downhill skiing began to make inroads, fanned in part by skiing enthusiasm among Ivy League college students. Wealthy Americans often sent their sons to Europe between high school and college, and some returned with an interest in the downhill. Dartmouth College, where the first outings club was founded in 1909, hired a series of Bavarian ski coaches who encouraged this trend. In 1927, Dartmouth racers staged the first modern American downhill race on a carriage road on Mt. Moosilauke, New Hampshire.
Downhill skiing and technological change fed each other. The invention of the steel edge in 1928 made it easier to ski on hard snow, leading to better control and faster speeds. The development of the ski lift helped popularize "downhill-only" skiing, which broadened the sport"s appeal. (The rope tow, introduced to the United States in Woodstock, Vermont, in 1934, was simple, quick, and cheap.) Since Alpine skiers no longer had to walk uphill, they could use stiffer boots and bindings that attached firmly to the heel. These, in turn, allowed for unprecedented control and made possible the parallel turn.
By the late 1920s, skiing"s commercial possibilities were becoming apparent. The first ski shop opened in Boston in 1926, and an inn in Franconia, New Hampshire, organized the first ski school three years later. Railroads began to sponsor ski trains and used their vast publicity networks to promote the sport. In the 1930s, skiing spread swiftly across New England and upstate New York, and in 1932 Lake Placid, New York, hosted the Third Winter Olympics. In 1936, a new resort in Sun Valley, Idaho, introduced chair lifts, swimming pools, private cottages, and other glamorous touches. The brainchild of W. Averell Harriman, president of the Union Pacific Rail-road, Sun Valley foreshadowed the development of ski resorts across the country.
World War II further accelerated the popularization of Alpine skiing in the United States. The Tenth Mountain Division drafted many of the nation"s best skiers and trained others for ski mountaineering in Europe. After the war, veterans of the unit joined the National Ski Patrol and established the nation"s first major Alpine ski areas. Meanwhile, the division"s surplus equipment was sold to the general public, giving newcomers an affordable way to take up the sport.
The surge in skiers on postwar slopes led inevitably to changes in technique. As large numbers of skiers began turning in the same spots, fields of "moguls" or snow bumps appeared, requiring tighter turns. The new skiers also demanded more amenities, and resort developers responded by installing high-capacity, high-speed lifts and mechanically grooming slopes. Some tried to lure intermediate skiers by cutting wide, gentle swaths through the trees from the top of the mountain to the bottom.
In the 1970s, such practices increasingly brought resort developers into head-on conflict with environmentalists. The environmental movement and the decade"s fitness boom also led to the rediscovery of cross-country skiing. New equipment, which combined attributes of Alpine and Nordic gear, opened the new field of "telemark" or cross-country downhill skiing. Some skiers began hiring helicopters to drop them on otherwise inaccessible mountaintops.
In the postwar years, Americans began to challenge Europeans in international competitions. In 1948, Gretchen Fraser became the first American to win an Olympic gold medal in skiing, and in 1984, the United States collected an unprecedented three gold medals. When Squaw Valley, California, hosted the Winter Olympics in 1960, ski racing was televised live for the first time in the United States and it soon emerged as a popular spectator sport. Its popularity was propelled by gutsy and likeable stars such as Picabo Street, the freckle-faced racer who recovered from a crash and concussion in 1998 to win a gold medal in the downhill Super G.
Although Alpine and Nordic skiing remained popular in the 1980s and 1990s, they increasingly competed for space on the slopes with new variations like snow-boarding, mogul skiing, tree skiing, aerial freestyle, slope-style (riding over jumps, rails, and picnic tables), and half-pipe (in which skiers or snowboarders perform aerial acrobatics in a carved-out tube of snow and ice). U.S. skiers generally did well in these "extreme" events as they began to be added to the Olympics in the 1990s. In 1998, Jonny Moseley took gold in the freestyle mogul event, while Eric Bergoust flipped and twisted his way to a gold medal in the aerial freestyle. In 2002, the U.S. team captured silver in the men"s and women"s moguls and in the men"s aerial freestyle.
Extreme sports (also called action sports , aggro sports , and adventure sports ) are a popular term for certain activities perceived as having a high level of inherent danger.These activities often involve speed, height, a high level of physical exertion, and highly specialized gear.
The definition of an extreme sport is not exact and the origin of the term is unclear, but it gained popularity in the 1990s when it was picked up by marketing companies to promote the X Games .
While use of the term "extreme sport" has spread far and wide to describe a multitude of different activities, exactly which sports are considered "extreme" is debatable. There are however several characteristics common to most extreme sports. While not the exclusive domain of youth, extreme sports tend to have a younger-than-average target demographic. Extreme sports are rarely sanctioned by schools. Extreme sports tend to be more solitary than traditional sports (Rafting and paintballing are notable exception, as they are done in teams.) In addition, beginning extreme athletes tend to work on their craft without the guidance of a coach (though some may hire a coach later).
Activities categorized by media as extreme sports differ from traditional sports due to the higher number of inherently uncontrollable variables. These environmental variables are frequently weather and terrain related, including wind, snow, water and mountains. Because these natural phenomena cannot be controlled, they inevitably affect the outcome of the given activity or event.
In a traditional sporting event, athletes compete against each other under controlled circumstances. While it is possible to create a controlled sporting event such as X Games, there are environmental variables that cannot be held constant for all athletes. Examples include changing snow conditions for snowboarders , rock and ice quality for climbers , and wave height and shape for surfers .
Whilst traditional sporting judgment criteria may be adopted when assessing performance (distance, time, score, etc.), extreme sports performers are often evaluated on more subjective and aesthetic criteria. This results in a tendency to reject unified judging methods, with different sports employing their own ideals and indeed having the ability to evolve their assessment standards with new trends or developments in the sports.
While the exact definition and what is included as extreme sport is debatable, some attempted to make classification for extreme sports. In 2004, author Joe Tomlinson classified extreme sports into those that take place in air, land, and water .
Some contend that the distinction between an extreme sport and a conventional one has as much to do with marketing as with the level of danger involved or the adrenaline generated. For example, rugby union is both dangerous and adrenaline-inducing but is not considered an extreme sport due to its traditional image, and because it does not involve high speed or an intention to perform stunts (the aesthetic criteria mentioned above) and also it does not have changing environmental variables for the athletes. Demolition derby racing, predominantly an adult sport, is not thought of as "extreme" while BMX racing, a youth sport, is.
One common aspect of an extreme sport is a counter-cultural aura - a rejection of authority and of the status quo by disaffected youth. Some youth of Generation Y have seized upon activities which they can claim as their own, and have begun rejecting more traditional sports in increasing numbers.
Подписи к слайдам:
Чтобы пользоваться предварительным просмотром создайте себе аккаунт (учетную запись) Google и войдите в него: https://accounts.google.com
Полезные английские слова и фразы на тему Спорт
Спорт играет большую роль в нашей жизни. Даже не занимаясь спортом профессионально, практически каждый человек старается выполнять упражнения, чтобы поддерживать себя в тонусе. Сегодня мы рассмотрим, как говорить про спорт на английском языке. Эти слова и фразы пригодятся как для того, чтобы обсудить собственное увлечение спортом, так и для того, чтобы заказать билеты на спортивную игру или обсудить спортивные соревнования на английском.
Вопросы о спорте:
- Who`s playing today? — Кто сегодня играет?
- Who`s winning? — Кто выигрывает?
- What`s the score? — Какой счет?
- How much time is left in the game? — Сколько времени осталось до конца игры?
- Do you think this game will be a draw? — Думаешь, игра закончится в ничью?
- Do you think this team will go to the finals? — Думаешь, эта команда войдет в финал?
- Do you think this team will be relegated this year? (Ref: Football) — Думаешь, эта команда будет отстранена от соревнований? (о футболе)
Фразы для покупки билетов
- How much are the tickets? — Сколько стоят билеты?
- I`d like four tickets please. — Мне четыре билета, пожалуйста.
- Would you like front row seats? — Вы бы хотели места в первом ряду?
- That sounds great, but how much do they cost? — Звучит отлично, но сколько они стоят?
- They`re £30 each. — По 30 фунтов за каждый.
- Oh that’s fine. I`d like to reserve four front-row seats for this Saturday`s match. — Хорошо. Я бы хотел взять 4 места в первом ряду на матч в это воскресенье.
- Ok, that`ll be £120. — Хорошо, это будет стоить 120 фунтов.
- Here you go. — Вот, возьмите.
- Thank you. Here are your tickets. — Благодарю. Вот ваши билеты.
Виды спорта на английском
- Archery |ˈɑːtʃəri| — стрельба из лука;
- Badminton |ˈbadmɪnt(ə)n| — бадминтон;
- Cricket |ˈkrɪkɪt| — крикет;
- Cycling |ˈsʌɪklɪŋ| — езда на велосипеде;
- Football |ˈfʊtbɔːl| — футбол;
- Golf |ɡɒlf|- гольф;
- Horse Racing |hɔːs ˈreɪsɪŋ| — скачки / конный спорт;
- Snooker |ˈsnuːkə| — бильярд;
- Squash |skwɒʃ| — сквош;
- Table Tennis |ˈteɪb(ə)l ˈtɛnɪs| — настольный теннис;
- Tennis |ˈtɛnɪs| — теннис;
- Boxing |ˈbɒksɪŋ| — бокс;
- Judo |ˈdʒuːdəʊ| — дзюдо;
- Rugby |ˈrʌɡbi| — регби;
- Wrestling |ˈrɛslɪŋ| — борьба;
- Angling |ˈaŋɡlɪŋ| / Fishing |ˈfɪʃɪŋ| — рыбалка;
- Canoeing |kəˈnuːɪŋ| — гребля, гонки на каноэ;
- Kayaking |ˈkaɪ.æk.ɪŋ| — гребля на байдарках;
- Rowing |ˈrəʊɪŋ|- распашная гребля;
- Sailing |ˈseɪlɪŋ| — парусный спорт;
- Water Skiing |ˈwɔːtə ˈskiːɪŋ| — водные лыжи;
- Curling |ˈkəːlɪŋ|- керлинг (спортивная игра на льду);
- Ice Skating |aɪs ˈskeɪtɪŋ| — конькобежный спорт; катание на коньках;
- Figure-skating - фигурное катание;
- Skiing |ˈskiːɪŋ|- катание на лыжах, лыжный спорт;
- Fencing |ˈfɛnsɪŋ| — фехтование;
- Hockey |ˈhɒki| — хоккей;
- Lacrosse |ləˈkrɒs| -лакросс;
- Polo |ˈpəʊləʊ| — поло;
- Hunting |ˈhʌntɪŋ| / Skeet |skiːt| / — охота;
- Rock climbing |ˈklʌɪmɪŋ| / alpinism — скалолазание;
- Shooting |ˈʃuːtɪŋ| — стрельба;
- Swimming |ˈswɪmɪŋ| — плавание;
- Weightlifting |ˈweɪtlɪftɪŋ| — тяжелая атлетика;
- Athletics |aθˈlɛtɪks| / track-and-field athletics - лёгкая атлетика.
Общая лексика на тему спорт
- An athletics meeting |aθˈlɛtɪks ˈmiːtɪŋ| — массовое спортивное соревнование по различным видам спорта;
engage in athletics |ɪnˈɡeɪdʒ ɪn lɛtɪks| - заниматься лёгкой атлетикой / заниматься спортом;
- Get into shape |ʃeɪp| - прийти в форму / привести себя в форму;
- Keep fit |kiːp| — поддерживать себя в форме;
- A personal trainer |ˈpəːs(ə)n(ə)l ˈtreɪnə| — личный тренер;
- Train hard |treɪn hɑːd| — упорно тренироваться;
- A season ticket |ˈsiːz(ə)n ˈtɪkɪt| — сезонный абонемент;
- Home games |həʊm ɡeɪmz| — домашние матчи;
- Away games |əˈweɪ ɡeɪmz| — выездные игры;
- Do judo — заниматься дзюдо;
- Sports facilities |fəˈsɪlɪtɪz| — спортивные сооружения;
- Sport equipment |ɪˈkwɪpm(ə)nt| — спортивное оборудование;
- To run the marathon |ˈmarəθ(ə)n| — бежать марафон;
- Go jogging |ˈdʒɒɡɪŋ| — ходить на пробежку;
- Scoreboard |ˈskɔːbɔːd| — табло, доска счета;
- Competition |kɒmpɪˈtɪʃ(ə)n| — соревнование;
- To set records — устанавливать рекорды;
- Personal bests — личный рекорд;
- Brisk walk |brɪsk wɔːk| — быстрая ходьба, спортивная ходьба;
- Strenuous exercise |ˈstrɛnjʊəs ˈɛksəsʌɪz| — повышенные физические нагрузки / сложные упражнения.
Это базовые слова на тему спорт на английском языке. Благодаря ним, вы сможете поддержать разговор о занятиях спортом и любимых играх. Для практики попробуйте рассказать устно или письменно о виде спорта, который вас интересует.
Уровень B. Мой мир.
Sports in my lifeSport is very important in our life. When people go in for sport, they become healthy and feel good. And I think that everyone needs sport.
For me sport is very important too. Sometimes, after sitting the whole day at the desk at school, I feel that I want to do some activities: to dance, to play basketball, or just to run. That’s why I am always happy when we have PT classes in the swimming pool.
I like swimming very much, and swimming is my hobby. I have been swimming since I was four years old. At first I swam in the lake in our village, but then, when we moved to the city, I started going to the swimming pool. Now I can swim very well. I like to dive and to swim under the water. I try to go to the swimming pool every week because swimming improves my health. And if you have back pains, swimming can help you with it too.
My another hobby is skiing, and it is very interesting for me. I often go skiing in winter. My family and I go skiing to the forest taking some sandwiches and a thermos. After long skiing we make a fire to keep warm, and I feel very happy.
But you can ski not only in the forest or at the stadium. If you like speed and extreme, the mountain skiing is just for you! I love speed, but especially I love mountains. For me, it is so wonderful to see snow-capped mountains, and it is so good to ski and watch this beauty. And when you are in the mountains, you can breathe easily because the mountains air is very fresh and pleasant.
I have told you about sport, which I like. But that is not all. This is just the most important for me. But I also like to play different sports games, especially with my friends.
For many people the world “sport” is associated with heavy training and loads, but it is not true. Yes, to do sports exercises is not easy, but if you really love this kind of sport, then these exercises will be easier for you. And it is very important to have a good company too. Now you can see that sport makes you healthy and unites people.
Спорт очень важен для нас в жизни. Когда люди занимаются спортом, они становятся здоровыми и чувствуют себя хорошо. И я думаю, что каждому требуется спорт.
Для меня спорт очень важен тоже. Иногда, после долгого проведения времени за партой в школе, я чувствую, что очень хочу заняться чем- либо активным: станцевать, поиграть в баскетбол ну или просто пробежаться. Поэтому я всегда счастлива, когда уроки физической культуры проходят в бассейне.
Я очень люблю плавать, и это мое хобби. Я плаваю с четырех лет. Сначала я плавала в озере в нашей деревне, но потом, когда мы переехали в город, я стала посещать бассейн. Сейчас я умею плавать очень хорошо. Я люблю нырять и плавать под водой. Я стараюсь посещать бассейн каждую неделю, потому что плавание укрепляет здоровье. И если у вас проблемы со спиной, то плавание может помочь с этим тоже.
Другое мое хобби - это катание на лыжах, и для меня это очень интересно. Я часто катаюсь на лыжах зимой. Мы с семьей идем кататься на лыжах в лес и берем с собой бутерброды и термос. После долгой проездки мы разжигаем костер, чтобы согреться, и я чувствую себя счастливо.
Но на лыжах можно кататься не только в лесу и на стадионе. И если вы любите скорость и экстрим, то катание на горных лыжах для вас! Я люблю скорость, но особенно я люблю горы. По-моему, это так замечательно видеть заснеженные горы, и так хорошо кататься на лыжах, наблюдая за этой красотой. И когда ты находишься в горах, то тебе дышится очень легко, потому что горный воздух очень свеж и приятен.
Вот я и рассказала о спорте, который я люблю. Но это не все. Это лишь самое важное для меня. Но я также люблю играть в разные спортивные игры, особенно с друзьями.
Для многих людей слово «спорт» ассоциируется с тяжелыми тренировками и нагрузками. Но это не так. Да, выполнять спортивные упражнения не просто, но если тебе действительно нравится данный вид спорта, то и эти упражнения будут казаться намного проще. И очень важно иметь хорошую команду тоже. Ну и, наконец, можно заметить, что спорт делает нас здоровыми и объединяет с другими людьми.Виды спорта (Kinds of sports)
Diving- ныряние, прыжки в воду
Ice-skating- фигурное катание
To skate- кататься на коньках
Skiing- лыжный спорт
To go skiing- кататься на лыжах
Play chess- играть в шахматы
Sailing- парусный спорт
To sail- плавать в море на корабле, яхте и т.д.
Motor racing- гонки
Horse- racing- конный спорт
To ride a horse- кататься на лошади
Shot put- метание ядра
Cycling- велосипедный спорт
To ride a bike- кататься на велосипеде
High jump- прыжок в высоту
Discus throwing- метание диска
Table tennis- настольный теннис
Спортивное оборудование (Sport equipment)
Hockey stick- хоккейная клюшка
Club - клюшка для гольфа
Bat- ракетка для настольного тенниса; бейсбольная бита
Слова и выражения (Words and expressions)
To do sports- заниматься спортом
To win- выиграть
Training session- тренировка
Score - счёт
To play in a draw- сыграть вничью
First- place finisher- занявший первое место
Runner- up- занявший второе место
- Do you like sport?
Yes. I am fond of sport
How often do you do sports?
Twice a week
What`s your favorite kind of sports?
I like skating
- Тебе нравится спорт?
Да, я обожаю спорт
Как часто ты занимаешься спортом?
Два раза в неделю
Какой твой любимый вид спорта?
Я люблю кататься на коньках
- How long will you continue playing chess?
Tomorrow will be the last time
Thanks God, I`m fed up with it.
Why don`t you like playing chess?
I don`t know. I can`t explain
Как долго ты будешь продолжать играть в шахматы?
Завтра будет последний раз.
Славу Богу. Мне так это надоело
Почему ты не любишь играть в шахматы?
Я не знаю. Не могу объяснить
- I need to buy hockey sticks. How much does it cost?
I think, it`s not very expensive. We should go to sport shop.
Ok. Tomorrow I will drop by there.
Мне надо купить хоккейные клюшки. Сколько они стоят?
Я думаю, не очень дорого. Нам надо сходить в спортивный магазин.
Хорошо. Завтра я забегу туда.